Chickenpox in children is one of the most common viral diseases. Many children face chickenpox in early childhood or younger school years. If a child becomes ill with chicken pox, he or she is likely to acquire lifelong or at least long-term immunity to chicken pox.
1. How does chickenpox appear in children?
Chickenpox is transmitted by airborne droplets and begins when a virus that also causes herpes shingles gets into the body.
The carrier of the infection is a sick person, who is dangerous one day before the rash and 5 days after the onset of the rash.
Chickenpox is rare in children under one year of age, and usually occurs in children between one and seven years of age.
How much chickenpox disease children have depends on the immunity and allergic mood of the sick person. Most children can tolerate the disease quickly and easily.
2. Chickenpox stages in children
It can take a long time for the virus to enter the body before the first signs of the disease appear. If a child is infected, you will find out that he has chicken pox no sooner than a week later.
The incubation period of the disease lasts from 1 to 3 weeks. Thus, the initial stage of chickenpox in children is usually asymptomatic.
Parents will know that the infection has occurred when the child’s temperature rises sharply and then a rash appears. Chickenpox fever in children can reach 39-40 degrees.
It appears a day or two before the rash, and more often – at the same time with it. Knowing how chickenpox begins in children, you will not confuse it with a banal ORVI.
If the temperature has already risen, and the child also complains of chills, weakness, headache and lower back pain, it is necessary to monitor the rashes on the skin – it is very likely that the child has chicken pox.
The rash of chickenpox appears rapidly: the child is covered with pink spots with a diameter of 2-4 mm, which in a few hours turn into blisters with liquid inside and red bordering outside.
In 1-3 days the rash dries up, on it’s surface dark crusts which fall off on the second-three week of illness are formed.
A slight form of chickenpox in children is characterized by single rashes. In severe illness, rashes on the body are abundant and appear in several stages.
At the same time, the skin of the child may be a rash of several types: as with drying crusts, and fresh pink spots.
Rashes appear not only on the child’s skin, but also on the mucous membranes: in the eyes, in the groin, in the mouth. Chickenpox in children’s mouths causes serious discomfort and can be a cause of capriciousness and lack of appetite.
Strong itching in chicken pox makes children comb pimples, which may result in scarring. You should try to explain to your child that they do not need to be touched
3. How long does chickenpox last for kids?
The average chicken pox temperature lasts from 2 to 5 days, in severe cases – up to 10 days. New rashes appear between 2 and 9 days. A child is considered to be contagious for another 5 days after the last rash.
If the kindergarten revealed chickenpox in children, how many days will pass before infection, and how long the child will be sick – cannot be said for sure. To stop the spread of the disease, pediatricians recommend 21-day quarantine for children who have come into contact with chickenpox patients.
Parents have a lot of questions if their child has chickenpox: is it possible to bathe a child, use shower gel or skin cream?
It all depends on the form of chickenpox in children. If the disease is severe, the child has a high fever or festering and ulcers on the skin – with water procedures is better to delay. If the child feels well, the rash dries out – hygienic procedures will only be useful. Bathing in warm water with a slightly diluted manganese solution will help relieve itching and dry the rash.
Treatment of chickenpox in children
Specific treatment for chickenpox is usually not required. But to speed up the recovery process, anti-herpes drugs are often prescribed.
Paracetamol and ibuprofen are recommended for lowering the temperature, antihistamines for itching, a weak manganese solution, and greenery, which has become a tradition in the treatment of chickenpox. In rare cases of severe infection and complications, the pediatrician may prescribe antibiotics.
4. Prevention of chickenpox in children
The question of whether to prevent a child from being infected with chickenpox remains open.
Some parents consciously bring their baby to visit a child with chickenpox to get infected, ill and immune naturally, because chickenpox causes complications in children rarely, but in adults, it is difficult and not always without consequences.
Prevention of disease is required if the house is a small child. Chickenpox in infants is rare. Up to 6 months of breastfed babies are protected by the mother’s antibodies.
If the baby is a month old, chicken pox is likely to bypass him, although if the older brother or sister is sick and in constant contact with him, infection is possible.
The best way to prevent infection is to vaccinate children against chickenpox. Depending on the type of vaccine, it is administered once or twice.
Vaccination should be done before the chicken pox epidemic begins.
But if the baby had contact with the diseased, and from this moment passed no more than 72 hours, with the help of emergency vaccination can slow down the development of the virus in the body.
If your child is sick with chicken pox, direct your efforts to prevent itching, combing, and suppuration of the rash, because if the pimples are not touched, the disease will not leave a trace on the skin.
If the child has not had chickenpox yet, you can consider vaccinating him.